The flowers of the turmeric plant are hermaphrodite (i.e. a single flower contains both male and female sexual characteristics). Turmeric flowers emerge in summer and are pollinated by pollinating insects such as bees and butterflies.
The process of pollination is followed by fertilization. It is usually seen to reproduce asexually (i.e. from rhizomes) also called vegetative reproduction. The initiation of the turmeric plant from seeds or spores is not well-documented in the literature.
The lifecycle of turmeric revolves around its precious rhizome that proves to be of utmost importance for both its growth and medicinal use.
Turmeric has its own signaling mechanism when it comes to notifying the gardener about the time of harvest. The plant starts turning its leaves and stems brown and dry. The stem normally falls over due to excessive dryness. Such incidents usually occur 7 to 10 months after the plantation of our loved plant.
The aforementioned color transition promises the maturation of the plant.
The period that lies between January and April is considered to be quite fruitful for harvesting the turmeric rhizomes.
The flowers and rhizomes of the turmeric plants are saluted all around the world. The flowers of the turmeric plant also possess curcumin, the reason for its booming popularity.
The plant is dug from the soil and the stem is snipped an inch above the rhizome.
The soil is brushed off of the rhizomes and they are supposed to be washed well afterward.
The flowers of the turmeric plant are simply just clipped off from the stem and used for medicinal purposes.
Turmeric rhizomes are stored in a completely moisture-free and dry place. Usually, sand is considered to be the best place for the storage of fresh turmeric.
Other than that, turmeric is sun-dried, ground and stored in an airtight container in a dark and dry place. The powder is occasionally aired in the sun to avoid moisture and fungus attack.