Rosmarinus officinalis, usually called rosemary, is a perennial evergreen herb that belongs to the mint family, Lamiaceae. This pleasantly aromatic plant possesses branches that are full of green needle-like leaves that exude fragrance. Its flowers come in pink, purple, blue, or white color, having a mild delicate flavor.
Rosemary is a frequently used spice in cooking, as a natural preservative in various food industries, in cosmetics, as a medicine, and as ornamental specie. Rosemary can be utilized to promote plenty of pharmacological effects. It can ameliorate asthma, atherosclerosis, cataract, renal colic, hepatotoxicity, peptic ulcer, inflammatory diseases, and ischemic heart disease. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of rosemary can reduce oxidative stress and aids in attenuating hypercholesterolemia, physical, and mental fatigue. Rosemary also imparts antiulcer effects, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, radio-protective, and anti-depressant activities.
The therapeutic efficacy of Rosemary counts on the phytochemicals present in it. It contains caffeic acid, carnosic acid, chlorogenic acid, oleanolic acid, rosmarinic acid, ursolic acid, alpha-pinene, camphor, carnosol, eucalyptol, rosmadail, and rosmanol.
Rosemary’s history dates back to 500BC when it was celebrated among Greeks and Romans as a culinary and medicinal plant. But today, its popularity has soared high and it is used in almost every nook and corner of the world.