Antibacterial is a term that refers to the agents that kill, inhibit, or slow down the growth of pathogenic bacteria. They are used to treat bacterial infections. They can be purely natural (such as aminoglycosides) or synthetic (such as sulfonamides). They are widely used to combat infectious diseases but their frequent abuse is leading to bacterial resistance to these agents which is blameworthy for the appearance of such disastrous ailments in recent years.
The discovery of the first antibacterial agent, better known as an antibiotic, was rather accidental but led to a famous phenomenon known to the world as penicillin, executed by Alexander Fleming.
What are the herbal benefits of antibacterial agents?
Distinctive antibacterial agents are prescribed to act against particular bacteria. There are various mechanisms of action posed by antibacterials for killing, inhibiting, or slowing their growth, some of which are:
- Meddling with cell wall synthesis
- Blocking protein synthesis
- Tampering the metabolic pathways
- Suppressing the function of membranes
- Retardation of ATP synthase