Hibiscus is a tropical evergreen shrub that paves its way from the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is a small tree that can reach the height of 16 feet with a canopy that can stretch up to 10 feet. Hibiscus is marked by its glossy-textured leaves and big, showy red-colored papery blossoms.
Hibiscus plants can last for decades. It is zealously cultivated in Egypt, Sudan, China, Japan, Mexico, Thailand, and the Pacific Islands for ages. Its flowers are used to compliment teas, sauces, and marinades. Also, Hibiscus is an important aspect of different cultures where it is hailed for its purported medicinal benefits. Ancient Egyptians employed hibiscus as an antipyretic, diuretic, and nervine tonic. In certain parts of Africa, hibiscus caters to constipation, cold and flu, liver-related disorders, and even cancer.
Hibiscus flowers offer cyanidin that helps in normalizing the lipid profile and edema. Hibiscus is also packed with various other phytochemicals that help in imparting the medicinal properties, for which it is famous. The phytochemicals include polysaccharides arabins, arabinogalactans, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, citric acid, quercetin, gossypetin, and trace amounts of galactose, arabinose, glucose, xylose, mannose, and rhamnose.