Functions of the Female Reproductive System
The primary functions of the female reproductive system are:
It enables the women to conceive and give birth to children.
Production of Female Sex Hormones
The ovaries produce the female sex hormones, estrogen, and progesterone to regulate the menstrual cycle, control the development of secondary sexual characteristics, and play a role in maintaining overall health.
It stimulates the release of certain hormones from the brain, such as FSH and LH, to help regulate the functions of the ovaries and other reproductive organs.
The uterus, cervix, and vagina play crucial roles during childbirth.
It compels the release of certain hormones from the brain that stimulate the mammary glands to produce milk.
The uterine lining thickens during the monthly cycle to get ready for a prospective pregnancy. In the absence of pregnancy, the uterine lining is expelled during menstruation, signaling the beginning of a fresh cycle.
If fertilization is successful, the female reproductive system supports the developing embryo and fetus throughout pregnancy.