Vitex berry plants can be started in spring or fall, depending on the climate and location. In regions with mild winters, fall can also be an excellent time to plant Vitex. If you are in a region with cold winters, wait until the danger of frost has passed in the spring before planting your Vitex. This will give the plant time to establish its root system before the hotter summer months.
It is not suitable for indoor plantations due to its specific environmental requirements and size. It thrives in full sun and requires at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight to flourish. Also, it requires a warm temperature with a sufficient water supply. Allow the soil to dry before another round of watering to avoid root spoilage.
Vitex berry seeds can take 2 to 6 weeks to germinate. As the seedling grows, it develops its first set of leaves and establishes its root system. Once the Vitex plant reaches maturity, it begins producing flower buds. It is known for its attractive spikes of lavender or lilac-colored flowers that typically bloom during the summer months and are a valuable source of nectar for bees and butterflies.
After successful pollination, the flowers are fertilized, and the plant starts developing small, dark brown to black, berry-like fruits known as Vitex berries. The ripe berries fall to the ground, and the seeds within them are dispersed through water and animals for the perpetuation of the life cycle.