Skullcap, oftentimes spelled as scullcap, is a hardy perennial that owes its rights to the mint family, Lamiaceae. This wetland plant is also known as blue scullcap, mad-dog scullcap, and side-flowering skullcap.
Skullcap can attain a small height of 2 to 3’ with occasional branching. The hairless, pale green stem has cordate-ovate to coarsely serrated and broadly lanceolate leaves. The upper stem is responsible to give rise to small exquisite flowers that can be pale blue, white, or lavender.
The leaves of skullcap have a heavy medicinal history. They were employed as sedative-hypnotic and tranquilizer. Skullcap leaves are hailed for treating a variety of neurological conditions like insomnia, anxiety, convulsions, stroke, and paralysis. Moreover, the skullcap also helps in reducing fever and treating atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries), rabies, inflammation, spasms, skin infections, various other allergies.
The nerve-calming powers of skullcap are due to the biologically active ingredients present in it such as flavonoids (baicalein, baicalin, and wogonin), phenolic compounds, and flavones which bring about anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anxiolytic, and other effects which give physiologically balanced influence.