Mentha, commonly pronounced as mint, reaches out from the insanely popular mint family, Lamiaceae. It is documented that around 24 species of mint exist on our mother earth. This genus customarily meets hybridization a lot so it possesses a wide variety of genetic variation in its species.
This glorious perennial is commonly divided into four main spectrums:
- Mentha spicata
- Mentha longifolia
- Mentha suaveolens
All these species are different from one another on the grounds of their flavors and applications. Ample of folklore remedies are associated with mint. The traditional medicine system of Iran highly respects the medicinal properties of mint. All these highly valuable varieties of mint confer a wide range of pharmacological actions. They are good at treating microbial infections, gastrointestinal disorders, and nervous system diseases.
Mints act as an antioxidant, antispasmodic, anthelminthic, anti-nociceptive (analgesic), antipyretic, antiemetic, carminative, antidepressant, choleretic, and CNS stimulant activity.
Mints are packed with biologically active ingredients, including menthone, isomenthone, menthol, 1, 8-cineole, borneol, and piperitenone.
However, with myriads of fringe benefits, mint is liable to pose toxic action which depends on its dose and individual. So the mint plant is oven-dried before its consumption to avoid its adverse reactions.