Licorice is an herbaceous perennial that waves from the bean family Fabaceae. Its root is a sweet treat that possesses a characteristic aroma which makes it a flexible ingredient in making candies and tobacco.
The licorice plant is liable to attain a short height of 1m. It is furnished with pinnate leaves and whitish-blue to purple leaves. The stoloniferous roots of licorice are more in the limelight than any other part.
The history of licorice root can be traced back to 2300BC when Emperor Shennong of China had devoted acres of farm for the cultivation of licorice. It was thought that licorice is bestowed with magical powers that can rejuvenate an aging man. Ancient Greeks used it for treating chronic cough. Also, archaeological studies state the presence of licorice root with Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun.
Modern herbalism employs licorice in supporting gastrointestinal issues, especially heartburn, ulcer, and food poisoning. Licorice root contains antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties which make it a perfect match for treating a variety of conditions like eczema and acne. It also aids in curing asthma, supports oral health, and fights cavities.
Licorice roots are high with glycyrrhizin (a compound that is 50 times sweeter than sugar) and glycyrrhitic acid which imparts the roots their principle pharmacological actions.