Gentian is a flowering herbaceous perennial is native to Europe and Western Asia. It is highly prized due to its gorgeous yellow flowers. Its height ranges from 3 to 6 feet, portraying long and broad lanceolate to elliptic leaves with narrow petalled flowers.
Gentian is famous for its extremely bitter taste. Every part of this herbage accents intense bitterness. Being a herbal bitter, many proprietary medicines employ gentian herbs to address digestive system irregularities, including flatulence (intestinal gas), loss of appetite, bloating, gastritis, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and heartburn. It is also used as a germicide and parasitic worm killer. People use it as an antispasmodic for muscular spasms and also for reducing fever, hysteria, and high blood pressure.
The Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicinal system has claimed a plethora of medicinal benefits of gentian root, however, very few scientific studies have been able to back its purported perks. Gentian root has been found to possess xanthones, iridoids, secoiridoids, and different flavonoids.
Researchers have discovered its anti-inflammatory property due to gentiopicroside (an iridoid) which makes it fruitful for the treatment of arthritis and sinus infection. However, a few more studies are required to verify its novel uses.