Lentinula edodes, habitually known as Shiitake mushroom is cultivated all around the globe cheerfully due to its medicinal benefits in traditional medical literature. It is the second most abundantly produced mushroom in the world. This notorious Japanese mushroom is also well known as black mushroom, black forest mushroom, sawtooth oak mushroom, oak mushroom, or golden oak mushroom.
Shiitake is an inhabitant of deciduous trees, mainly shii, oak, maple, chestnut, beech, poplar, sweetgum, mulberry, ironwood, chinquapin, and hornbeam. Shiitake is famous in East Asian cuisines, especially in Chinese and Japanese dishes. It is also used as a raw material for the formulation of organic fertilizers and compost. More than that, shiitake mushroom does not back down when it comes to manifest its medicinal properties too. Shiitake boosts the immune system and helps in treating dyslipidemia, diabetes, atherosclerosis, eczema, cold, and flu. Shiitake is frequently being used as an antihypertensive agent, anti-aging agent, antimicrobial agent, anticancer agent, carminative, and so forth.
Shiitake is considered to be brimmed with various biologically active compounds like erythritol, copalic acid, adenosine, carvacrol, polysaccharides, terpenoids, sterols, lipids, and amino acids.