Bay laurel is an evergreen tree that waves from the laurel family. It is majorly found in the Mediterranean and Roman regions. The leaves of this plant are of immense importance due to their sweet, fresh aroma and ornamental values.
Bay laurel trees are small and can attain a height that ranges from 20 to 50 ft. The plant is dioecious .i.e. male and female reproductive organs are on different plants. The tree gives long, glabrous leaves that are narrow and ovate.
The bay laurel leaves are used in cooking to impart distinct flavor and aroma to soups, stews, and pâtés. In addition to being a spice, bay laurel is used for ornamental and medicinal purposes. The bay leaves and essential oil, both can treat flatulence, bloating, and other gastrointestinal tract problems. They also help support diabetes, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and epilepsy. Topically, it can be applied to the skin and scalp for treating boils and dandruff respectively.
It is not just the leaves of the bay that has everyone gushing over it. But the fruit of bay laurel is also very famous as its oil is extracted for massage and cooking.