The urinary system is also known as the renal system. It is a vital part of the human body responsible for the production, storage, and elimination of urine, which is a waste product of the body's metabolic processes.
When it comes to bodily systems, the urinary system often takes a back seat in our conversations about health and wellness. It consists of several key components, including kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, each playing a unique role in maintaining our internal equilibrium.
The kidneys help regulate the balance of fluids and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium, etc.) in the body. They can adjust the amount of water and electrolytes reabsorbed or excreted, maintaining proper bodily functions. Each kidney is connected to the bladder via ureters for the transportation of urine through peristaltic contractions. The bladder, on the other hand, is a muscular sac that serves as a reservoir for urine until its expulsion. The urine then exits via the urethra which connects the bladder to the outside of the body.